Bacterial Endocarditis is an uncommon infection of the heart valves and lining of the heart chambers (Eldredge, et. al., 2007). Bacteria colonize and grow on and within the heart valves; typically the aortic and/or mitral valves. The bacterial vegetations that result cause valvular leakage and eventually heart failure; small parts can also break off of the lesion and lodge in any artery in the body (“embolism”). This can result in a large number of symptoms, as listed below. While endocarditis is a treatable disease, it generally is only successful with early diagnosis and intensive therapy with intravenous antibiotics. Unfortunately, this can be a very difficult disease to diagnose, thus the disease is often at an advanced stage when discovered.